Online Gambling Problems

Research has indicated that the proportion of individuals gambling through the Internet is increasing everyday at a steady rate. Whilst there are many economic and political plans founded by governments in order to increase gambling chances towards an online realm, it seems irresponsible idea to do that without determining the social costs and all the risks of those initiatives. There is one area that has become a problem including the difficulty in restricting accessibility to unauthorized people and the prevalence of internet gambling by those people. The problems of online gambling activities have emerged as underage gamblers, gaming site employees, intoxicated people and voluntary self-excluders across the nations (Brosowski, Meyer & Hayer, 2012). The second area of concern has emerged as evidence which indicates that online gambling tends to attract disturbing gamblers that have high propensities of developing into more problems. In other words, online gambling has become flooded with problems including those caused by individuals who are underage, self-excluders and intoxicated among other problems that occur due to the game itself.

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Background Information

As online gambling continues to emerge as a new and changing practice across the world, many researchers have realized that it is associated with several problems. According to a record released through research by the American Gaming Association (AGA), almost 3,000 internet gambling websites provide chances for wagering on sports, poker, lottery, casino sports and other related games (Lee, 2011). Despite the fact that online gambling has contributed a large part of revenue across many nations, it is vital to understand the problems associated with it. Though online gambling has been legalized across the eighty five years, it has been illegalized in the United States. The practice has been illegal for a while and the nation prohibits conduction of financial transactions through the Internet in attempts to place bets or wagers. The statutes have been coupled with several other Acts such as the Federal Wire Act (1961) and that has assisted greatly in curbing illegalized online gambling. However, it has raised major questions that have led to debates across the United States (Gainsbury & Blaszczynski, 2011).

As the United States federal altogether with the state government executives continue to debate about legalization of some forms of internet gambling, major questions on risks and problems of gambling through the Internet continue to emerge through the policy makers, researchers and the medicine experts. They have indicated that online gambling is pleasing to bettors predisposes them to increase gambling problems. Moreover, in any form of gambling through the Internet, there are major risks for business including those not at the risks of gambling predicaments (Griffiths, Wood & Parke, 2009). It has also become evident that the speed of particular games and social isolations tend to promote excessive gambling through the Internet. More research has indicated that online gambling can strain one’s relationships, lead to financial difficulties and interfere with one’s work. People have been found to engage in activities and doing things they would never do in their lives, i.e. stealing money in order to engage in online gambling and settle debts.

Scientists have attempted to research online gambling and found out that people end up becoming addicted to online gambling through a process referred to as impulse-control disorder that results to compulsive gambling. Moreover, compulsive gamblers have no capacity to control their impulses during gambling despite their knowledge that they are hurting themselves, their families or loved ones. In other words, such people find gambling interesting to them and it is all that they can do regardless of the consequences (Griffiths et al., 2010). Problem gambling has emerged as a major concern in many homes since it tends to disrupt one’s life. In other words, online gambling has resulted in serious problems to individual gamblers and their loved ones. Therefore, there is a need to research into the issue and come up with ways of handling online gambling to levels that would not hurt people across the world. Several techniques have been provided in order to prevent cravings of online gambling (Brosowski, Meyer & Hayer, 2012). Such solutions include reaching out for help, doing something instead of gambling, postponing gambling and avoiding isolations among many others that would be evident in this discussion. In other words, online gambling is an issue of major concern across the world and should be addressed in the best ways possible.

Method of Research

Research has been conducted on online gambling in order to dig deep into the issues associated with the practice. The present studies are intended to offer comprehensive investigations concerning both nature and the spread and prevalence of online gambling in places across the world. Most importantly, triangulated research designs have been applied in data collection using diverse key sources that include random digit dial surveys of selected individuals in particular places (Gainsbury & Blaszczynski, 2011). Moreover, in-depth interviews have been conducted with self-identified online gamblers across places in the world. There has also been secondary analysis of online gambling data received from provincial prevalence research and surveys. Furthermore, internet surveys have been conducted using patrons that are usually recruited at the Internet gambling sites. In addition, such data sources are finally combined in order to offer information that concerns the whole prevalence of online and problem gambling. The researchers have also determined the nature along with characteristics of online gamblers, the general practice involvement behaviors along with experiences and the prevalence of online gambling by unauthorized people. There has also been a causal relationship between online and the common problem gambling.

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Analysis and Results

Research by different individuals through various methods of research has provided that in contrast to offline games in gambling, application of online tracking methods for gambling behaviors has presented a chance for those researchers to determine the real-time practices and behaviors by gamblers (Scholes-Balog & Hemphill, 2012). Recent studies that tested 117 sites of online gambling found out that 39% of those gambling artificially increased their payouts in the demo period. It also became evident that once the gamblers joined those sites and started gambling for real money their payouts declined drastically. Moreover, a pilot study conducted in Ontario found out that 42.7% rate of prevalence among 1,920 gamblers accessed online gambling portals. These researches offer portraits of online gambling that seem to be consistent with the global prevalence rates of disorder that result in online gambling (Jiménez-Murcia et al., 2011).

Online gambling disorders range from 1% to 2%. According to a Harvard study on online gambling, approximately 95% of the whole sample indicated a median spend of 12 Euros that represent $16 in the United States. That was worth of all chips during two poker periods every week for a period of half a year (Haefeli, Lischer & Schwarz, 2011). It was also found out that the most committed players of the game represented 5% of all those studied and spent more as they engaged in more gambling. They bet a median of $115 of the United States that were worth of chips at every 10 sessions each week. More studies have indicated that 4%-8% of people aged between 16 and 28 years would end up having online gambling complications such as addiction (Griffiths, Wood & Parke, 2009). These are just some of the results from primary sources that can be relied upon in order to explain the problems posed by online gambling practices across the world. Most importantly, research has indicated that there are almost 350,000 online gamblers that have converted into compulsive gamblers across the New Jersey (Brosowski, Meyer & Hayer, 2012).

Research shows that online gambling has emerged as a psychological as well as sociological practice that has lately become a great part of world interest through research. It has also become evident that most students in schools enjoy online gambling. More research conducted using students has provided that they enjoy online gambling since it ensures their privacy and can be conducted when one is alone. For most students at their legal ages, online gambling has become inherently easy. Research has provided that for minority students, online gambling can cause notable academic, financial and societal problems. Results from research have been highlighted across many sources. These researches are meant to form a basis into understanding problems and the behavioral aspects of online gambling. Some of the notable problems of online gambling include lying to other people in order to conceal the extent of one’s engagement in online gambling (Dragicevic, Tsogas & Kudic, 2011). Moreover, there is the problem of jeopardizing or causing a difficult relationship, losing education and careers due to online gambling.

In addition, online gamblers engage in chasing losses after losing in the bets and wagers. They continue to gamble with high hopes of winning good cash. However, such people may end up losing their valuables and rely on other people for money in order to relieve their financial despair caused by online gambling (Griffiths, Wood & Parke, 2009). Committing some illegal activities such as fraud, theft or forgery has also been evident in most online gambling impacts. Moreover, there are subjective emotional states including becoming preoccupied with gambling and desiring to be engaged in gambling using huge amounts of cash in order to acquire desired excitement. People have also been noted to gamble in order to escape difficulties or release away their unwanted moods including anxiety, depression or helplessness among many others.

Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations

The paper has recognized online gambling as a business aspect that has experienced various problems. Online gambling is a practice that involves playing interactive lotteries through the Internet, buying land-based lottery tickets through the internet, online casinos, betting on sports, and online casinos among many other online games. It has become evident that online gambling continues to be most prominent form of gambling across the world. The proportion of those involving themselves in online gambling continues to increase everyday at a steady rate. That has alarmed different national governments such as the United States in order to take steps that would help curb the problems associated with online gambling (Siemens & Kopp, 2011). It would be insensible to continue adding incentives into online gambling activities without a complete understanding of all social and economic costs involved. An area of concern in online gambling has emerged as the difficulty of access restriction to unauthorized individuals and the prevalence of internet gambling. It has become evident that underage gamblers have taken their portion in the online gambling practices along with self-excluders and intoxicated people. That has continued to pose major concerns due to negative impacts of online gambling.

Therefore, it is important to consider some of the most important recommendations that would help to deter online gambling problem from becoming prominent across the world at large. The initial step should be identifying the real problems associated with online gambling. It would be vital to understand all the behavioral markers or indicators that differentiate people with online gambling disorders from other somber gamblers (Jiménez-Murcia et al., 2011). It would also be crucial to create awareness among individuals involved in gambling activities. That can educate them on the best ways of relieving undesirable or overwhelming emotions without engaging in online gambling. There should also be group supports towards gambling addictions as well as problem gambling. Therapies focused on problem gambling can also play a huge role in curbing problems associated with online gambling. Such therapies include cognitive-behavior therapy focused on solving problem gambling. These are some of the ways that can assist in solving the problems emerging from online gambling (Dragicevic, Tsogas & Kudic, 2011). However, the best one would be to monitor and control levels of online gambling across the nation by the government just like some states such as Canada.

In conclusion, online gambling has been problematic for a long period now. It the high time those governments start realizing the effects of online gambling on people’s psychological and sociological formation. Like the United States, other states such as Canada have followed the route in order to decrease the number of online gamblers. Online gambling has been associated with various crimes including drug abuse, theft, fraud and forgery among many other negative impacts. Online gamblers are also isolated from the society since they end up becoming addicts and would often crave gambling activities as complete satisfaction. Problem gambling has become a major concern across nations and has often been associated with various health problems. Some people assume fun in online gambling without realizing the negative effects that it poses to their social and psychological well-being. Online gambling has been associated with intoxicated people, unauthorized individuals, under age people and voluntary self-excluders and many others.

Annotated Bibliography

Brosowski, T., Meyer, G., & Hayer, T. (2012). Analysis of multiple types of online gambling within one provider: An extended evaluation framework of actual online gambling behavior. International Gambling Studies, 12(3), 405-419.
This article provides a clear discussion of types of online gambling methods that can be found within a single providing business. The article has looked deep into the behaviors that might be experienced during online gambling including both sociological and psychological behaviors. It can be recommended for reading as a primary source since it offers a clear glimpse into the issue of online gambling.

Dragicevic, S., Tsogas, G., & Kudic, A. (2011). Analysis of casino online gambling data in relation to behavioral risk markers for high-risk gambling and player protection. International Gambling Studies, 11(3), 377-391.
This article offers a clear analysis of data gathered from an online gambling casino. The data was collected in relation to determinants of behaviors during the online gambling practices by users of those sites. This article can be relied upon by students and other scholars interested in learning effects of online gambling on behaviors.

Gainsbury, S., & Blaszczynski, A. (2011). Online self-guided interventions for the treatment of problem gambling. International Gambling Studies, 11(3), 289-308.
This article offers clear glimpse of the ways in which online gambling problems can be handled in order to reduce them. The authors have realized the need to research into online gambling problems and offered recommendations. The article can be relied upon for further research of the issue.

Griffiths, M. D., Wood, R. T., & Parke, J. (2009). Social responsibility tools in online gambling: A survey of attitudes and behavior among internet gamblers. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 12(4), 413-421.
The article has recognized the need for social responsibility in online gambling. The authors have looked deep into the issue through a research into attitudes and behaviors of gamblers who use the Internet. The article is relevant to the field of research since it offers effects of online gambling on behavior and attitudes.

Griffiths, M., Parke, J., Wood, R., & Rigbye, J. (2010). Online poker gambling in university students: Further findings from an online survey. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 8(1), 82-89.
The authors considered a single online gambling game that was poker. They looked deep into students’ behaviors in online gambling. The article is relevant to the research since it offers clear evidence of different groups involve in online gambling, legally or illegally.

Haefeli, J., Lischer, S., & Schwarz, J. (2011). Early detection items and responsible gambling features for online gambling. International Gambling Studies, 11(3), 273-288.
The authors of this article have realized the need to determine any changes of behaviors or symptoms of online gambling problems. Detecting such problems in advance can prevent one’s addiction into online gambling. The article is a clear indication that problems of online gambling can be detected and prevented in advance.

Jiménez-Murcia, S., Stinchfield, R., Fernández-Aranda, F., Santamaría, J. J., Penelo, E., Granero, R., & Menchón, J. M. (2011). Are online pathological gamblers different from non-online pathological gamblers on demographics, gambling problem severity, psychopathology and personality characteristics? International Gambling Studies, 11(3), 325-337.
The article compares online and offline gamblers in order to determine any differences between them. The authors have offered an effective explanation into their research explaining the demographics, severity of gambling as well as the personality characteristics. The article is relevant to the research since it offers many effects of gambling.

Lee, C. B. P. (2011). Online help for problem gambling among Chinese youths. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 9(6), 672-681.
The article looks deep into online gambling among the youths in China. The authors have done deep research in China and attempt to offer recommendations in order to solve the problems. The article can be used in drawing recommendations and advising nations.

Siemens, J. C., & Kopp, S. W. (2011). The influence of online gambling environments on self-control. Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, 30(2), 279-293.
The authors of this article have recognized the effects of online gambling on the individual’s self-control. Online gambling has huge influences on the way individuals control themselves in terms of emotions, attitudes and perceptions among many other aspects of human beings. The article can be relied upon since it offers relevant information of negative effects of online gambling.